Sir Muhammad Iqbal was born in November 9, 1877 in Sialkot . His father was a tailor, not formally educated but he is religious. His mother was a polite and humble woman. Iqbal’s mother died on 9 November 1914 in Sialkot . He was a poet philosopher and also a politician too. Allama Iqbal was as well as an academic barrister and scholar. Allama Iqbal was widely regarded as having inspired the PAKISTAN Movement. He is called the ‘Spiritual father of Pakistan’. Iqbal was the considered one of the most impotent figures in Urdu Literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages. Iqbal is admired as a prominent poet by Pakistan, Indian , Kashmiri and also known as Siri lankans. He is best known as a highly acclaimed Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times . He wrote many books ans his first book is Asrar-e-Khudi, which was converted into in the Persian language in 1915. He was four years old when he was sent to masjid to learn the Quran . Allama Iqbal learned the Arabic language from his teacher and his teacher name is Syed Mir Hassan. He complited his matriculation in 1893 . Alama Iqbal received Art diploma from Murray College Sialkot in 1895.
Allama Iqbal obtained his Bachelor of Arts in philosophy, English literature and also in Arabic in 1897. He received his Masters of Arts degree from Punjab university Lahore. Alama Iqbal traveled to England for the purpose of higher education in 1905 then Iqbal moved to Germany to pursue his doctoral studies.
After completing his Master of Arts degree in 1899 . He left for England in 1905. in 1908 , Iqbal returned from England and join the collage as a professor of philosophy and English literature. His poetry has been translated into many European languages like his books Asrar-i-Khudi and Javad Nama was translated into English by R.A. Nichoison and A. J. Arberry respectively.
Alama Iqbal was suffering from a mysterious throat illness in 1933. He spent his final years helping Chaudhry Niaz Khan to establish the Dar ul islam. The government and public organizations have sponsored the establishment of education institute, colleges and universities dedicated to Iqbal and also have the established the Iqbal Academy Pakistan to research teach his works. Alma Iqbal died on 21 April 1938. The tomb of Muhammad Iqbal was built at the entrance of the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.
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